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EBOLA VIRUS: India update
About the author
  • Child Specialist (Pediatrician),(Neonatologist)
  • posted on: 19 Aug 2014





Ebola Virus cause severe bleeding, multi organ failure and even death in few cases. It originated from Africa and cases occur sporadically every few years.


Ebola Virus lives in animal hosts but human can get this virus from infected animals. It can spread from personal contact with body fluids or contaminated needles.

No treatment is available as of now.


What are the Symptoms

Symptoms can develop between 2- 21 days after exposure to virus. Common features are

  • High grade Fever
  • Severe headache
  • Joint pain,  muscle aches, Weakness
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Loose motion
  • Rashes , redness of eyes
  • Chest pain and cough
  • Stomach pain
  • Bleeding from any site



  • By contact with infected animal’s fluids i.e blood, waste products (urine & feces)
  • From infected person to healthy person
  • Medical personal taking care of infected person, Laboratory staff etc


Risk Factor

  • Travel to Africa.
  • Conduct animal research.
  • Provide medical or personal care.
  • Prepare people for burial.



Ebola infection is difficult to diagnose because early signs and symptoms resemble those of other diseases, such as typhoid and malaria.

Use blood tests to quickly identify the virus, including:

  • Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)
  • Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (PCR)

But these tests are not routinely available.

isolation-ward house1


No treatment as of now.  Supportive hospital care includes:

  • Intravenous fluids
  •  Maintaining blood pressure
  • Providing oxygen as needed
  • Replacing lost blood
  • Treating other infections that develop

Facts about Ebola.


  • Avoid contact with infected person.
  • Avoid visit to outbreak areas
  • Wash hands properly
  • Avoid Meats of wild animals also called BUSH meat
  • Infection control measures to be followed as per guidelines


For further reading visit the below mentioned links



Dr Rahul Varma


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