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EBOLA VIRUS: India update
Dr. RAHUL VARMA
About the author
  • Dr. RAHUL VARMA
  • MBBS, DCH (MAMC)
  • Child Specialist (Pediatrician),(Neonatologist)
  • posted on: 19 Aug 2014

 EBOLA VIRUS

 

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Ebola Virus cause severe bleeding, multi organ failure and even death in few cases. It originated from Africa and cases occur sporadically every few years.

 EBOLA VIRUS

Ebola Virus lives in animal hosts but human can get this virus from infected animals. It can spread from personal contact with body fluids or contaminated needles.

No treatment is available as of now.

 14_250531_shockey_early_symptoms_edit

What are the Symptoms

Symptoms can develop between 2- 21 days after exposure to virus. Common features are

  • High grade Fever
  • Severe headache
  • Joint pain,  muscle aches, Weakness
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Loose motion
  • Rashes , redness of eyes
  • Chest pain and cough
  • Stomach pain
  • Bleeding from any site

 ebola-virus-symptoms

Transmission

  • By contact with infected animal’s fluids i.e blood, waste products (urine & feces)
  • From infected person to healthy person
  • Medical personal taking care of infected person, Laboratory staff etc

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Risk Factor

  • Travel to Africa.
  • Conduct animal research.
  • Provide medical or personal care.
  • Prepare people for burial.

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Diagnosis

Ebola infection is difficult to diagnose because early signs and symptoms resemble those of other diseases, such as typhoid and malaria.

Use blood tests to quickly identify the virus, including:

  • Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)
  • Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (PCR)

But these tests are not routinely available.

isolation-ward house1

Treatment

No treatment as of now.  Supportive hospital care includes:

  • Intravenous fluids
  •  Maintaining blood pressure
  • Providing oxygen as needed
  • Replacing lost blood
  • Treating other infections that develop

Facts about Ebola.

Prevention

  • Avoid contact with infected person.
  • Avoid visit to outbreak areas
  • Wash hands properly
  • Avoid Meats of wild animals also called BUSH meat
  • Infection control measures to be followed as per guidelines

 

For further reading visit the below mentioned links

http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/

http://www.who.int/csr/disease/ebola/faq-ebola/en/

 

Regards

Dr Rahul Varma

 

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